Report from Korea
  • Country – Korea
     
     
    Clinical Dietitian Certificate as National Qualification in Korea
     
    Clinical Dietitian certification, which was issued by the president of the Korean Dietetic Association in 1999, has been institutionalized as the national qualification issued by the Minister of Health and Welfare, in accordance to ‘The National Nutrition Management Act’ enacted on March 26, 2010. According to the law, the responsibilities of clinical dietitian are documented and include 1) nutrition assessment - collecting and analyzing nutrition problem and evaluating nutritional requirements, 2) nutrition counseling and education, 3) nutrition monitoring and the evaluation of nutrition status, 4) nutrition management for the improvement of malnutrition status, and 5) clinical nutrition research and consulting.
     
    Accordingly, the first national qualifying exam for clinical dietitian was conducted on April 29, 2012, and the first clinical dietitian national certification holders were designated in July of 2012, with 3,459 people passing among 3,571 applicants (as of 2013, total of 3,853 people). With the advancement of clinical dietitians with professional competence, the roles of clinical dietitian are expected to reach various fields in the future.
     
    D-HRA (Diet-related Health Risk Appraisal)
     
    The cause, treatment and prognosis of diseases including cancer, cerebrovascular disease, heart disease and diabetes that are the leading causes of death, are very closely associated with diet.  However, the assessment tools that can predict the risk of developing these chronic diseases based on Korean diet had not been developed. 
     
    Therefore, the Korea Health Industry Development Institute has developed the Diet-related Health Risk Appraisal (D-HRA), an evaluation tool to assess the health and eating habits of the people of Korea, for the first time.  D-HRA can be used to evaluate the risk of chronic diseases through diagnosis of one's eating habits, and improve them based on the results. 
     
    The target risk diseases of D-HRA version 1.0 are cardiovascular and metabolic diseases such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, obesity, and abdominal obesity, and osteoporosis.  Through a simple survey, D-HRA can evaluate one's diet and the risk of chronic diseases, and provide suggestions to improve one's eating habits with practical plans.  In addition, the tool can be used to screen for high-risk groups of chronic diseases and to manage their diet.